Pine is the cheapest cabinet wood you’re going to find. It is a softwood, however, so don’t expect pine cabinetry to hold up as well as others when it comes to fighting off scratches and dents.
Oak is known for its beauty and resiliency. It has an attractive, open grain, and ranges in color from dark red to a yellowish brown.
Birch is another popular choice, also because of the varying shades in the wood and grain. It’s a medium density hardwood, tougher than pine but not as hardy as oak or maple.
Maple, along with oak, dominates the cabinetry market. Its lighter color and high resiliency make it perfect for a wood kitchen cabinet, or any other cabinet for that matter, and the common occurrences of distinctive irregularities in the grain give it a character that few woods can rival.
Mahogany is perhaps the most beautiful choice you can make when it comes to cabinetry of any sort. It’s also by far the most expensive. Expect to dig deep into your pockets if you go with this rare, and beautiful, wood.